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Archive for the ‘Floor’ Category

Types of tiles

Posted by Vivek on September 18, 2007

We briefly covered vitrified tiles here on House to Home on 6th September. Today we would just touch upon the various other types of flooring material that is available in the market today for your consideration.

Tile Types

Image Courtesy : Nitco India

Broadly categorizing we have the following types of floors:

Ceramic Tiles

The word ‘ceramic’ comes from the greek word ‘keramos’ meaning pottery, it is related to an old sanskrit root meaning ‘to burn’ but was primarily used to mean ‘burnt stuff’. These are made from clay or a mixture of organic materials, ceramic tile is finished by kiln firing. They are available in many shapes and sizes and are sold in  glazed or unglazed fashion. For floors, tiles are set in a cement or mortar type mixture.

Vitrified Tiles

Vitrified tile is a tile which has been processed in such a way that it has very low porosity (and water absorption) which make it stain resistant and very strong. You can read more about this article here.

Mosaic Floor

This type of flooring involves embedding small pieces of colored glass, stone, or ceramic tile called tessera in a background material such as plaster or mortar. The resulting finish is unique and a variety of designs can be created.

 Most conventional apartments use grey or white mosaic.  These are relatively inexpensive. More affluent variety of mosaic is also available in the market for the deserving people.

You can read more about Mosaic Tiles in the wiki article.

Marble Floor

Marble is metamorphosed limestone, composed of fairly pure calcite . It is extensively used for sculpture, as a building material, and in many other applications which includes flooring.

Marble has a relatively lower abrasion resistance compared to artificial floors. It is calcium carbonate which is strongly attached by Hydrochloric acid which is commonly used in toilet & floor cleaning. It yellows over extended time duration whereas man made tiles tend to retain their colour for decades.

You can read more about marbles in the wiki article.

Granite Floor

A common igneous rock composed of quartz, orthoclase, and hornblende, often accompanied by pyroxene or mica. It is called granite because of the granular surface. Granite is frequently used for buildings and monuments. It is a popular choice for not only flooring but also for countertops in kitchen and shelves.

Compared to marble, it is relatively inexpensive.

You can read more about granites in the wiki article.

Concrete/Cement Floor 

The title should make it pretty straightforward. Sudarsan covered some points in his article related to pathway flooring on 30th August.  Today you can purchase ready made blocks which are ready to be laid in your home or the exteriors.

Some additional and interesting information on tiles can be found here

Hope you found this post informative….

Posted in Floor, Tiles | Leave a Comment »

Vitrified Tile – What is it exactly?

Posted by Vivek on September 6, 2007

I am sure, most of us would have heard this term a lot these days. Vitrified tiles. So what doed this exactly convey to people who wish to have them in their homes?

This post hopes to convey some details on “Vitrified tiles”

Conventional flooring is done with either grey or white mosaic. People who could afford it went in for granite or even marble. Today the buzz word seems to be vitrified tiles.

Vitrified Tiles

Image Courtesy: http://www.dreamdesignstrading.com

 A dictionary would define the word “Vitrify” as:

To change or make into glass or a glassy substance, especially through heat fusion.

Lets see what all this means:

What is vitrified tile 

Vitrified tile is a tile which has been processed in such a way that it has very very low porosity (and water absorption) which make it stain resistant and very strong.

Is vitrified tile better than marble or granite? 

Vitrified Tiles have far superior properties compared to marble or natural granite because being a manufactured product their quality is controlled whereas in naturally occurring marble and granite good quality is just a coincidence. Vitrified tiles posses much better mechanical strength, scratch resistance, resistance to acids, alkalies and chemicals, resistance to staining etc compared to marble or natural granite.

Marble has a relatively lower abrasion resistance compared to vitrified tiles. It is calcium carbonate which is strongly attached by Hydrochloric acid which is commonly used in toilet & floor cleaning. It yellows over extended time duration whereas vitrified tiles retain their colour for decades.

Polished natural granite shows several surface defects and a good quality is just a matter of chance whereas vitrified tiles are guaranteed for consistent good quality. Marble laying is very cumberrsom and time consuming whereas vitrified tiles may be laid in a matter of hours and put to use after 48 hours.

Excerpts for this article were taken from http://www.asiangranito.com

What needs to be studied here is the cost factor. Apparently the Vitrified tiles seem to have an advantage and also durability to command a higher price.

But are we willing to shell that extra money for aesthetics and maintenance sake is the million dollar question.

Another point to consider is where people who would like to buy an apartment can actually tell the builder to use these tiles over conventional flooring techniques.

hope you enjoyed this informative post.

think ! (and comment please…..)


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Posted in Floor, Tiles | 5 Comments »

Pathway Flooring

Posted by sudarsan on August 30, 2007

If your house is under construction, a very valuable tip for saving costs.    Interlocking tiles are better than Eurocon/Ultra kind of concrete designer tiles for the following reasons,

1. Interlocking tiles can be laid on bare earth (no need for preparation using PCC foundation or masonry, which are required for concrete designer tiles)

2. Interlocking tiles can be relaid

If your house is just finished, and not your pathways, you can occupy the house the very next day using interlocking tiles.   Later on when the fresh ground settles, you may notice some interlocking tiles caving-in.   You can remove the individual tile and lay sand underneath or fill sand across the pathway and relay the interlocking tiles.    Also if you want water to drain off the interlocking tiles, you can simply fill some cement plaster at the joints.   Of course I have used both for my home, as Concrete designer tiles has  a great aesthetics, especially near the entrance.   

Cost of Economics:

Interlocking tiles:

Tile: Rs.15 – Rs.25 /sq foot

Ground preparation: Sand at Rs.30 cu/feet, approx. Rs.5-10/sq foot of tile.

Labor: < Rs.3 / sq foot

Concrete tiles:

Tile: Rs.35 – Rs.45 /sq foot

Ground preparation: Sand Rs 5-1o /sq foot, PCC Rs.25-30/sq foot, Plaster Rs15-20/ sq foot

Labor: Rs.12/sq foot

So we are looking at 3-4x savings using interlocking tiles, which have the added convenience that it can be relaid.
 

Posted in Floor, Home, House, Independent Home | 2 Comments »